By Tom Polansek
CHICAGO (Reuters) - Cargill Inc
The 149-year-old company is shutting its power and gas trading desks in Europe 14 years after establishing the business in Geneva, becoming the first traditional commodities firm to step away from a sector hard-hit by falling margins.
Cargill said all of the closures were unrelated to losses in U.S. energy markets, which one report put at more than $100 million.
The closures follow just six months after new chief executive David MacLennan stressed plans to expand Cargill's energy business to include more physical trade.
"It is likely that Cargill has made these changes to help optimize the overall profitability of its broad global portfolio of businesses," said Judi Rossetti, a senior director for Fitch Ratings.
One of the world's largest privately held corporations and biggest commodities firms, Cargill is best known as a top grains trader. Its revenue of $136.7 billion for fiscal 2013 would have placed it No. 10 on the Fortune 500 list of publicly held companies.
Investors will watch to see whether other trading firms follow the energy strategy of Cargill, which also has closed its carbon emissions trading and renewable energy businesses.
"We are making these decisions in order to focus our resources where we can be most successful for our customers and for Cargill," spokesman Pete Stoddart said.
Separately, Cargill said on Thursday that it will form a joint sugar trading business with Brazil's Copersucar that is likely to be the world's largest.
MacLennan said in September that he believed the company's greatest opportunities for growth were in Brazil.
Traders said they expected the 23-year company veteran to move employees and resources from the coal and European power and gas businesses to other segments of Cargill's energy operations.
Cargill may be "cleaning up parts of their energy trading that aren't working" in preparation to move ahead with MacLennan's strategy to expand in physical energy trading, said Ken Morrison, a trader who worked for Cargill for 27 years.
"Just drawing from the culture there, I'd be surprised if they were taking a U-turn so soon," he said, referring to MacLennan's plan to expand Cargill's physical presence.
Fewer than 50 of Cargill's 140,000 employees will be affected by the closure of the energy desks, and many will be reassigned to other Cargill segments, according to the company. The company will continue trading in petroleum, petrochemicals, iron ore, steel, ocean freight and North American gas and power markets.
"Our understanding is there are some areas that they are probably not as competitive in as others," Standard & Poor's analyst Chris Johnson said about Cargill. "To the extent they exit certain businesses, it probably reflects that assessment."
Cargill's coal business was an active player across physical and financial markets, according to its website. In January, it reported earnings in the energy unit, which included trading in petroleum, coal, power and gas, had declined in the second quarter ended November 30.
A spokeswoman at the time said the energy business was "heavily dependent on trading and trading goes through different cycles of performance."
Cargill's agricultural rivals also have sought to shed underperforming assets, with Archers Daniels Midland Co
Global commodities traders may be realizing that they "can't do everything," said Philippe de Laperouse, director of HighQuest Partners' global food and agribusiness practice and a former Bunge executive.
"We see in all the commodity markets that volatilities are here to stay," he said. "Maybe there's a sense that in being able to manage that volatility, you can only do so much."
(Additional reporting by Christine Stebbins in Chicago; editing by Andrew Hay)