By Swetha Gopinath
(Reuters) - Suntech Power Holdings
The solar industry was hit hard last year as prices for the equipment that turns sunlight into electricity halved, pushing many companies into losses and forcing the likes of First Solar
Suntech, the world's biggest producer of photovoltaic solar panels, said on Thursday its operating expenses in the third quarter included non-cash, impairment charges of $482.9 million, while JinkoSolar took a $7.3 million hit in the fourth quarter.
"Due to the challenging solar market conditions and the significant reduction in the company's market capitalization in the third quarter of 2011, Suntech initiated an assessment of its goodwill, intangibles, and certain investments," the company said in a statement.
Given the reduced profitability of solar companies, more writedowns could be expected this year, Stifel Nicolaus analyst Jeff Osborne said.
Suntech shares have lost 69 percent of their value in the last one year, while JinkoSolar shares have shed about three-quarters of their value. This compares with a 66 percent decline in the broader MAC Global Solar Energy Index <.SUNIDX>.
JinkoSolar shares fell as much as 12 percent on Thursday morning trade on the New York Stock Exchange. Suntech shares fell 4 percent.
"I don't expect to see a broad recovery by the end of this year, even if the end market grows significantly," Pacific Crest Securities analyst Ben Schuman said.
Suntech forecast full-year shipments of 2.1 gigawatt (GW) to 2.5 GW, marginally higher than the 2.09 GW it shipped last year.
For 2012, JinkoSolar expects total solar module shipments of 800 megawatt (MW) to 1,000 MW, higher than last year's 760.8 MW.
On a conference call with analysts, Suntech Chief Commercial Officer Andrew Beebe said the company expects growth from the United States, China, India and Japan to roughly offset decline in the European market.
"These markets are intensely competitive. So you could have a spinning wheel of volume growth for the industry offset by profitless prosperity," Stifel's Osborne said.
However, Suntech expects first-quarter shipments to decline by about 30 percent from the fourth.
"This could be the first year that Suntech does not gain market share in the five years we've covered it," Raymond James analysts Pavel Molchanov and Alex Morris wrote in a note.
Suntech, however, said it had seen stronger-than-expected demand pull from Germany as customers rushed to stock up before the world's No. 2 solar market cut its renewable energy subsidies.
Germany plans to bring forward cuts in solar power subsidies of up to 30 percent by almost a month to March 9.
Record solar installations in Germany in December surprised most in the industry, with an estimated 3 gigawatt of panels added in the world's biggest solar market.
On Thursday, Suntech Power posted a quarterly loss as it shipped fewer products at a lower price.
On the other hand, JinkoSolar posted a wider-than-expected fourth-quarter loss as its margins continued to be pressured by a faster-than-expected fall in selling prices.
(Reporting by Swetha Gopinath and Divya Lad in Bangalore; Editing by Sriraj Kalluvila)